The question whether the European Community should intervene in the economic process, and if so, to what extent, has been the subject of public debate for many years. This study describes and gives an analysis of the manner and extent to which the European Community intervenes in the automobile industry through legal measures. The focus is on those provisions of the EC Treaty and the multiple Community legal measures that constitute the Community legal framework within which the automobile industry must operate. This study gives an introduction to the automobile industry and the EC Treaty and examines a selection of the multiple Community measures that have significant implications for the automobile industry. Important examples of such measures are:the rules on type approvalregistration of automobilesroadworthiness testsinternal taxation, environmentthe common rules on imports and exportsdistribution and servicingstate aid measuresconcentrations and cooperationthe various Community measures aimed at strengthening the competitiveness of the Community's automobile industryThis study shows that the Community, and the Commission in particular, is increasingly making use of the various competences provided by the EC Treaty to intervene in the automobile industry. This development is further stimulated by the gradual internationalisation, or even globalisation, of the world economy. In addition, this study indicates that there is a need for a much more unambiguous, coherent and transparent legal framework within which the automobile industry must operate.
An “Engineering Research Series” title. This excellent and long awaited book is based upon extensive research carried out by the Institute of Tribology at the University of Leeds in the UK and the Ford Motor Company Ltd. It is concerned with both the theoretical and experimental study of the tribological performance of an automobile valve train, having an offset taper cam and a domed follower, incorporated with an hydraulic lash adjuster, with particular reference to the ZETA engine valve train. <p> A sophisticated theoretical model has been developed that predicts the tribological performance of the valve train, and also provides a useful tool for the consideration of the tribological design of valve trains. Additionally the model can estimate the instantaneous and average rotational frequency of the follower, and the performance of the hydraulic lash adjuster. <p> In order to validate the theoretical model, the experimental measurements have been correlated with the theoretical predictions that simulate the test conditions of the valve train. The agreement between the measurements and the predictions show that the model is very reliable. This gives readers great confidence in using the model when dealing with novel and alternative designs of the valve train.<br> <p> COMPLETE CONTENTS: <ul> <li> <div>Part One – Theoretical Formulation. Kinematics and dynamics of the cam and follower</div> <li> <div>Hydraulic lash adjuster</div> <li> <div>The maximum hertzian stresses</div> <li> <div>Asperity interactions</div> <li> <div>The oil film thickness</div> <li> <div>Friction and power loss of the valve train</div> <li> <div>The rotation of the follower</div> <li> <div>The overall solution procedure and input/output data</div> <li> <div>An example of the tribological analysis of a valve train.</div> <li> <div>Part Two – Experimental Study. Test apparatus and the instrumentation</div> <li> <div>Calibration of the instrumentation and commissioning tests</div> <li> <div>Test procedure</div> <li> <div>Data processing</div> <li> <div>Experimental results and discussions</div> <li> <div>Part Three – Correlation of theory and experiments. Experimental evidences</div> <li> <div>Theoretical predictions</div> <li> <div>Comparison of results and discussions</div> <li> <div>Overall conclusions.</div> </ul>
This book presents an analysis of some of the changes that have transformed the automobile industry in the last thirty years illustrating some of the most significant consequences of globalization. Focusing on the response of Europe's policy makers, it analyzes government-industry relations at both national and transnational levels, demonstrating how national policy instruments have been eroded by regional, political and economic integration. There has been a significant and irreversible shift in the locus of decision-making power from nation states to the regional level in the automobile sector.